Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

William Henry Fox Talbot

1800 - 1877

and his life in

England

Background

   Photograph of Talbot taken by John Moffat in 1864

Talbot's connection with Lacock Abbey in Wiltshire is well known.  This was originally a nunnery, founded  in 1232.  Talbot's family had lived there since the sixteenth century, but due to the family's financial circumstances, they were not able to afford to live there at the time of his birth.

William Henry Fox Talbot's home, Lacock Abbey

Talbot later returned to Lacock Abbey, and there he carried out many of his early photography experiments.  The building now houses a museum dedicated to the work of Talbot.

Talbot is best remembered for his photographic discoveries, but he also had expertise in mathematics and optics and was a keen astronomer and archaeologist, with a good knowledge of ancient Greek and Hebrew.

Talbot's photographs, negatives documents and equipment were donated by his grand-daughter in 1937, some to the Science Museum , some to the Royal Photographic Society.

1800 Born at Millbury, Dorset.  His father heavily in debt a few months later, leaving WHF Talbot as the only child from this marriage.
1804 Talbot's mother, Lady Elizabeth Fox Strangeways, married Rear Admiral Charles Fielding.  Talbot had two half-sisters from this marriage.
1808 - 1811 Attended Rottingdean boarding school.
1811 - 1815 Attended Harrow school.
1815 - 1817 Given private tuition.
1817--1821 Attended Trinity College, Cambridge.
1827 Returned to the family's ancestral home, Lacock Abbey.
1832 Elected Fellow of Royal Society, having written many papers on mathematics and optics.
1832 Elected Member of Parliament for Chippenham.  He chose not to seek election for the following parliament in 1835, to leave more time for his other activities.
1832 Married Constance Mundy of Markeaton
1833 Honeymooned in Italy, where he drew Lake Como using his camera lucida.

Sketch of Lake Como in Italy by Talbot  -  October 1833

 He determined to find a way to fix these pictures on paper.

1834

Experimented and managed to fix images on paper.

Shadowgraph of a leaf fern produced by Talbot in 1836

1834

Produced his first camera image on paper the lattice window at Lacock Abbey. 

Cameras used by Talbot  -  1835 to 1839

His surviving negative is dated August 1835.  It is about one inch square.

Print made from the oldest negative in existence  -  The Latticed Window at Lacock Abbey, photographed by Talbot in 1835

1839 Announced his discovery of photography (photogenic drawing), displaying his work at the Royal Institution on 25 January and presenting a paper to the Royal Society on 31 January.
1840 Found a way to reduce the exposure needed for his  pictures by using gallic acid to develop his images before fixing them.
1841 Patented his Calotype Process.  He was to take out further patents in the 1840s and 1850s, for engraving, photography and the internal combustion engine!
1841

Patented his Calotype Process and continued to take  photographs in and around Lacock Abbey

William Henry Fox Talbot   - Portrait 1842       William Henry Fox Talbot  -  Lacock Abbey Coachman

1844

Set up his printing works at Reading.

Talbot's Printing Establishment at Reading, photographed around 1846

This enabled him to produce large numbers of photos to be tipped in to his book, Pencils of Nature, the first book to be published with photographic illustrations.

1851 Turned his attention and knowledge of Hebrew and Greek to translating the Assyrian cruciform inscriptions.
1851 Scott Archer published his wet collodion process, which superseded both the Daguerreotype and calotype processes.
1860 Retired to Lacock
1877 Died, aged 77.

Bibliography

Many books have been written on the life of Talbot.  I found the following two small illustrated publications to be particularly helpful and readable:

Fox Talbot (John Hannavy)  Shire Publications Ltd:  Lifelines 38  3rd edition 1997
ISBN 0 7478 0351 X

The First Negatives (D B Thomas)  A Science Museum Monograph  2nd Impression.1970
SBN 11 290089 5

-   Peter Marshall's About Photography web site gives some of the early family details listed above.  However it says that Talbot's attendance at Harrow School from age 11 lasted for one year only, during which time he was elected Head Boy and expelled from chemistry lessons for causing an explosion. 

-  However, In the timeline above, I have assumed that the dates given in Prof. Larry J Schaaf's Talbot Correspondence web site are correct and that Talbot attended Harrow for four years before being taught privately for two years then attending

 

 

William Henry Fox Talbot

Discovery of Photography

Life in England

Connections with Edinbrugh

Correspondence

Photos, Sketches and Engravings

Pencil of Nature

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks