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EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

Discoveries Regarding Action of Light

reproduced from Photographic Journal 1884

Table 1

This table was drawn up in 1850 by R Hunt FRS for the British Association

Silver

Nitrate of

Ritter

1801

  -  (photographically employed)

Wedgwood & Davy

1802

  -  with organic matter

JF Herschel

1839

  -  with salts of lead

JF Herschel

1839

Chloride of

CW Scheele

1777

  -  (photographically employed)

Wedgwood

1802

Talbot

1839

  -  darkened with hydriodic salts

Fyfe Lassaigne

1839

Iodide of (photographically used)

Herschel

1840

Ryan

1840

  -  with ferrocyanide of potash

Hunt

1841

  -  with gallic acid (calotype)

Talbot

1841

  -  with protosulphate of iron (ferrotype)

Hunt

1844

  -  with iodide of iron (catalysotype)

Woods

1844

Bromide of

Bayard

1840

Fluoride of

Channing

1842

Fluorotype

Hunt

1844

Oxide of

Davy

1803

 -  with ammonia

Uncertain

 

Tartrate, urate, oxalate, borate, etc.

Herschel

1840

Benzoates of

Hunt

1844

Formiates of

Hunt

1844

Fulminates of

Hunt

1842

Silver Plate

With vapour of iodine (Daguerreotype)

Daguerre

1839

With vapour of bromide

Goddard

1840

With chlorine and iodine

Claudet

1840

With vapour of sulphur

Niepce

1820

With vapour of phosphorus

Niepce

1820

Glass Plate

Precipitates of silver

Daguerre

1839

Albumen

Niepce de St. Victor

1848

Collodion

Archer and Fry

1850

Gold

Chloride of

Rumford

1798

Herschel

1840

Etherial solution of

Rumford

1798

Etherial solution of

- with ferricyanide of potassium

Hunt

1844

Etherial solution of

- with ferrocyanide of potassium

Hunt

1844

Chromate of

Hunt

1844

Plate of gold and iodine vapour

Goddard

1842

Platinum

Chloride of

Herschel

1840

  -  in Šther

Herschel

1840

  -  with lime

Herschel

1832

Iodide of

Herschel

1840

Bromide of

Hunt

1844

Cyanide of

Hunt

1844

Mercury

Protoxide of

Uncertain

 

Peroxide of

Guibourt

1844

Carbonate of

Hunt

1843

Chromate of

Hunt

1843

Biniodide of

Hunt

1843

Nitrate of

Herschel

1840

Protonitrate of

Herschel

1840

Chloride of

Boullay

1803

Bichloride of

Vogel

1806

Iron

Protosulphate of

Hunt

1844

Persulphate of

Herschel

1840

Ammonio-citrate of

Herschel

1840

Tartrate of

Herschel

1840

Attention was first called to the very peculiar changes produced in the iron salts in general by

Herschel

1845

Cyanic compounds of (Prussian blue)

Scheele

1786

Desmortiers

1801

Ferrocyanides of

Fischer

1795

Iodide of

Hunt

1844

Oralate of

Hunt

1844

Chromate of

Hunt

1844

Several of the above combined with mercury

Herschel

1843

Copper

Chromate of (chromatype)

Hunt

1843

  -  dissolved in ammonia

Hunt

1844

Sulphate of

Hunt

1844

Carbonate of

Hunt

1844

Iodide of

Hunt

1844

Copper-plate iodized

Talbot

1841

Manganese

Permanganate of potash

Frommkerz

1824

Deutoxide and cyanide of potassium

Hunt

1844

Chloride of

Hunt

1844

Lead

Oxide of (the pure coloured)

Davy

1802

Red Lead and cyanide of potassium

Hunt

1844

Acetate of

Hunt

1844

Nickel

Nitrate of

Hunt

1844

-  with ferroprussiates

Hunt

1844

Iodide of

Hunt

1844

Tin

Purple of cassius

Uncertain

1802

Cobalt

Arsenic sulphide of

Hunt

1844

Salts of antimony

Sage

1802

Salts of bismuth

Hunt

1844

Salts of cadmium

Hunt

1844

Salts of rhodium

Hunt

1844

Chromium

Bichromate of potash

Mungo Ponton

1838

-  with iodide of starch

E Becquerel

1840

Metallic chromates (chromatype)

Hunt

1843

Chlorine and hydrogen

Gay Lussac
and ThÚnard

1809

Chlorine (tithonized)

Draper

1842

 -  and Šther

Cahours

1810

Glass

Manganese, reddened

Faraday

1823

Cyanogen

Solution of

Pelouse
and Richardson

1838

Methyle compounds

Cahours

1846

Crystallization of salts influenced by light

Petit

1722

Chaptal

1788

DizÚ

1789

Phosphorus

Schulze

1727

Ritter

1801

-  in nitrogen

Beckman

1800

-  and ammonia

Vogel

1806

Nitric acid decomposed by light

Scheele

1786

Fat matter

Vogel

1806

Resinous bodies (heliography)

Niepce

1814

Asphaltum

Niepce

1814

Resin of oil of lavender

Niepce
and Daguerre

1830

Guaiacum

Wollaston

1803

Bitumens all decomposed

Daguerre

1839

All residua of essential oils

Daguerre

1839

Flowers, colours of, expressed and spread upon paper

Herschel

1842

Yellow wax bleached

Senebier

1791

Influence of light on electrical phenomena

E Becquerel

1839

The table above, when published in The Photographic Journal in 29 February 1884, pp.81-84.
It was accompanied by 46 footnotes, giving the sources from which the table had been compiled.

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page      Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.      At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.            At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photogrpahers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.  Details of who owns the copyright of photographs and other mateiral on this web site.

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Frequently Asked Questions

 

 

Early Photography

Discoveries

Pre-history:  Wedgwood, Davy, Niepce

Discoveries: Table 1  from Photographic Journal 1884  -  includes 1840s

Discoveries: Table 2  from Photographic Journal 1884  -  includes pre-history

Copies of The Photographic Journal are held by the National Library of Scotland.     Ref. No. Q110 SER

 

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page      Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.      At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.            At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photogrpahers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.  Details of who owns the copyright of photographs and other mateiral on this web site.

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Frequently Asked Questions

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Early Photography  - Other Pages 

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Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks