Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

 

Edinburgh University, School of Literature, Language and Cultures, Celtic and Scottish Studies

2nd Year Lecture  -  March 3 2014

Ethnographic Photography and Postcards in Scotland

-  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

This talk was subsequently given to Colinton Literary Society on February 4, 2015 under the title

Old Photographs and Postcards of Scotland

For further details on any of the topics below, please see these pages:    Ethnographic Photography      Ethnographic Postcards

1

PHOTOGRAPHY

Early History

Page 1

2

PHOTOGRAPHY

Cameras and  Photos

Page 2

3

PHOTOGRAPHY

Photographic Societies

Page 3

4

PHOTOGRAPHY

Professional
Photographers

Page 4

5

POSTCARDS

Early History

Page 5

6

POSTCARDS

Postcard Use

Page 6

7

POSTCARDS

Publishers

Page 7

8

POSTCARDS

Views of Scotland

Page 8

 

Ethnographic Photography and Postcards in Scotland

Page 5

POSTCARDS

Early History

1.

Photos then Postcards

Valentine's Books

  • Between about 1890 and 1910, Valentine & Sons also produced a range of books of their photos

  • There were many book titles, including:

-  Photographic view album of Alva and district

-  Photographic view album of Falkland and district

-  Views of the Trossachs and Loch Lomond

-  Edinburgh: Collotype View Book

Front Cover

The front cover of Valentine & Sons Collotype View Series book - Edinburgh

  Copyright: For permission to reproduce, please contact peter.stubbs@edinphoto.org.uk

  • The major landscape photographers in the late-19th century photographed the popular Edinburgh sites including:

  • -  The Royal Mill

  • -  Princes Street

  • -  Edinburgh Castle

  • -  Holyrood Palace and Abbey

  • Here are views of Holyrood Palace and Abbey.  They have been taken by three different photographers, but I find their viewpoints and resulting photos to be very similar.

1.

Photographer:  James Patrick

Albumen Print of Holyrood Palace and Abbey from Calton Hill  -  James Valentine  -  1878 or earlier

  Reproduced with acknowledgement to Nick Tilley, Oakley, Hampshire, England.

2.

Photographer: James Valentine

Albumen Print of Holyrood Palace and Abbey from Calton Hill  -  James Valentine  -  1878 or earlier

  Copyright: For permission to reproduce, please contact peter.stubbs@edinphoto.org.uk

3.

Photographer:  George Washington Wilson

George Washington WIlson's Albumen Print of Holyrood Palace and Arthur's Seat

  Copyright: For permission to reproduce, please contact peter.stubbs@edinphoto.org.uk

  • The photos above are all true to life.  However, the next one creates a more romantic, misty atmosphere.  It was published as a 'Photogravure  Series' postcard in Valentine & Sons'.

4.

Postcard:  Valentine & Sons

Valentine Postcard  -  Holyrood Palace and Arthur's Seat in Holyrood Park  -  1923  -  Photogravure

  Copyright: For permission to reproduce, please contact peter.stubbs@edinphoto.org.uk

__________________________________

Types and Dates

of Postcards

1894

Britain's first Picture Postcards

  • Postcards had been introduced in Britain in 1870s, but only those printed by the Post Office were allowed.  They had space for the address on one side and a message on the other - but there was no picture on them.

  • From 1 September 1894, the Post Office allowed  postcards published by others to be posted.  Several manufacturers began to produce postcards.

    The first publisher to include pictures on their postcards was at one time thought to have been George Stewart of 92 George Street, Edinburgh, but now it seems more likely that was probably EWT Dennis of Scarborough

    Court Cards

    1895

  • From 1895 onwards, a  size of 4.75 ins x 3.5 ins was adopted for postcards.  These were known as Court Cards.  The address was written on one side.  The reverse bore a small picture leaving sufficient space to write a message.

  • Here is an example of a court card by Valentine's.  The company first produced postcards in 1897.

Standard size of Postcard

1899

  • From 1899 onwards, the  standard size of 5.25ins ins x 3.5 ins, already in use in other countries, was accepted in Britain.

  • The address, and nothing else, still had to be written on the back of the card.  The front was used for the picture and message.  Sometimes, the picture covered most of the card, leaving little room for the message.

Postcard  -  Castle Series  -  Edinburgh Castle and National Galleries with quote

  Copyright: For permission to reproduce, please contact peter.stubbs@edinphoto.org.uk

Back of a postcard  -  Castle Series  -  Edinburgh Castle and National Galleries with quote

Divided Backs

1902

  • In 1902 the Post Office in Britain changed the rules to allow the back of the card (which post office workers incidentally referred to as the 'front' of the card) to be used for:

ON THE LEFT:   The message.

ON THE RIGHT:  The address.

  • Publishers normally printed a line down the middle of the back of the card to separate the two halves.  These became known as 'divided back cards'.  The divided back is an indication that the card would have been published in 1902 or later if the card was British.

  • Britain was the first country to adopt the divided back.  Other countries followed later, USA in 1907.

Halfpenny Post

to 1918

  • From the time that postcards were first allowed in Britain, in 1870:
            -  the cost of inland postage was one halfpenny
    (about 0.002).
            -  the cost of posting a letter inland was a penny
    (about 0.004).

  • This halfpenny postage rate remained unchanged until 1918.

    Four Postcards  -  Halfpenny Postage  -  King Edward VII and King George VI  

    Decline in Use

    of Postcards

    Post-1914

  • Decline in the hobby of collecting picture postcards began with the outbreak of World War I in 1914, and continued later in the decade when the Post Office increased the cost of posting a card from a halfpenny:

d  Halfpenny stamp on a postcard posted 1899   Halfpenny stamp on a postcard posted 1901   Halfpenny stamp on a postcard posted 1903   Halfpenny stamp on a postcard posted 1905   Halfpenny stamp on postcard posted 1912 Halfpenny stamp on postcard posted 1917

 -  in 1918, to a penny:    1d  Penny stamp on postcard posted 1921

 -  then in 1921, to three halfpence:    1 Three halfpenny stamp on postcard posted 1922

  • However, following major protests, the cost was reduced to a penny in 1922.
    It remained at 1d for a further 18 years until it increased to 2d in 1940, soon after the outbreak of World War II.

1d  Penny stamp on postcard posted 1921     Penny stamp on postcard posted 1935     Penny stamp on postcard posted 1936     Penny stamp -  red  -  KIng George VI 

____________________________________

 

End of Page 5

 

Edinburgh University, School of Literature, Language and Cultures, Celtic and Scottish Studies

2nd Year Lecture  -  March 3 2014

Ethnographic Photography and Postcards in Scotland

-  -  -  -  -  -  -  -

This talk was subsequently given to Colinton Literary Society on February 4, 2015 under the title

Old Photographs and Postcards of Scotland

For further details on any of the topics below, please see these pages:    Ethnographic Photography      Ethnographic Postcards

1

PHOTOGRAPHY

Early History

Page 1

2

PHOTOGRAPHY

Cameras and  Photos

Page 2

3

PHOTOGRAPHY

Photographic Societies

Page 3

4

PHOTOGRAPHY

Professional
Photographers

Page 4

5

POSTCARDS

Early History

Page 5

6

POSTCARDS

Postcard Use

Page 6

7

POSTCARDS

Publishers

Page 7

8

POSTCARDS

Views of Scotland

Page 8

 

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks