James Patrick suggested the following rules:
- Several lines running in one direction must be balanced by
line(s) running in the opposite direction.
He illustrated this rule with a picture
taken of a fisher woman in a Fifeshire fishing village, bating a line, and
told the story of how he had seen this scene and agreed to return to
photograph it the following day, but when he returned the woman was
dressed in her 'Sunday braws'
When he told her that he wished to
photograph he in the clothing she would normally wear, she told him:
'If ye canna tak me in ma Sabbath claes, I'll no
be took at a". However, on returning the following day, he was able
to take the photograph he wanted.
- Do not make an exposure until the figures in the scene are felt
to group with the surroundings.
- Study carefully the effect of light and shade. Have a
keynote object of interest, perhaps a figure, and let it give tone to the
whole picture. The keynote can be either light or dark,
- Do not use too fast a shutter speed for images where you wish
to convey a feeling of motion, including photographs of moving water.
- be prepared to use composition printing to create your image.