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EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks

Other Photographic Journal Pages

  

British Journal of Photography - 1876

HJ Palmer's recommendations for making

Gelatino-Bromide Plates

1876 Communication

Rev. AH Palmer spoke highly of the gelatino-bromide process in his communication to Edinburgh Photographic Society, written following his lecture to the society in January 1876.

He described the process as reliable, simple, inexpensive and had the advantage of producing no fumes of ether

Kennett's Pellicle Method

Palmer recommended using Kennett's pellicle for his gelatine.

-  Pour two ounces of distilled water upon 80 grains of pellicle in a 4 ounce wide-mouthed bottle.

-  After half an hour, place the bottle in hot water and thoroughly stir until all is dissolved.

-  Pass the solution through fine linen to remove bubbles.

-  Coat glass plates with the solution.

-  Leave to dry on a level surface, under a constant flow of warm dry air.

Recommendation  -  Use Mild Ale

When Palmer's communication was published in the British Journal of Photography on 10 March 1876, it was followed by this footnote:

"P.S.  Since the above paper was written Mr Kennett has informed me that negatives of exceeding beauty and brilliancy may be obtained by substituting mild ale for the water in preparing the gelatine emulsion  -  HJP"

Ab Initio Method

Palmer gave a list of the ingredients required for anybody wishing to make their emulsion ab initio.  These were:

Nelson's gelatine

40 grains

Distilled water

14 drachms

Alcohol

2 drachms

Bromide of potassium

25 grains

Nitrate of silver

40 grains

Twenty-grain-per-ounce solution
of bromide of ammonium

2 drops

Palmer also gave extensive details of exactly how these ingredients were to be mixed to make the emulsion:

"Let the gelatine be soaked for five or six hours in water and be then drained.  The bromide is next dissolved in seven drachms of water and poured upon the gelatine.  The latter in not treated in a hot bath and stirred with a glass rod until complete solution has taken  place.

The silver is then dissolved in seven drachms of water, and is poured, little by little, onto the gelatine, the whole being frequently shaken.  After this, two drachms of alcohol and two drops of bromide of ammonia are added, and the emulsion is poured into a flat dish until it is set."

Intensification

Palmer recommended the following method if the negative needed to be intensified:

-  Place the negative in a solution of chloride of copper (the strength seems to matter very little) until the image has disappeared.

-  Then, after abundant washing, a strong alkaline developer will bring up the picture to any amount of intensity.

[BJP: 10 March 1876; page 113]

Further Details

For other comments on this process, please see the Gelatino-Bromide page.

Here are more pages relating to 
 Photographic Literature

 

Photographic Journals

Background

Early Publications     Titles from the 1850s    
Annuals and Almanacs

The Amateur Photographer

Overview     1891

American Photography

Overview    1910    1911

British Journal of Photography

Overview     PSS + EPS   1861 Adverts  1862    1863    1865    1866 Adverts    1867    1868   1869   1872   1875   1876   1877  1878    1881    1882    1892   1895   1897   1909   1911
1920s-1940s

Edinburgh Photographic Society

EPS Transactions
PSS and EPS in other journals

Journal of the Photographic Society

Overview        PSS        Societies and Editors    

Edinburgh - 1853-58     Edinburgh - 1859-62

Photographic Notes

Overview     PSS

Photographic News

Overview

The Photogram

Overview     1895

Photography

Overview

Practical Photographer

Overview      1891     1892    1895

[Many English Journals]

1891

 

 

__________________

 

Links to Other Pages

EdinPhoto - Home Page  Please send me an e-mail ...  with your questions, comments, suggestions or news.   At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.     At any time, you can search for a word  -  perhaps a photographer's name or a photographic topic.  The search will produce a list of pages on the EdinPhoto web site where this word appears.  

Photographs and Other Images  -  These include portraits of photographers  -  photographic outings -  Princes Street views  -  Newhaven Fishwives  -  etc.  Early Photography in Edinburgh  -  Talbot, Brewster, Hill & Adamson, Early Professional Photographers in Princes Street, etc.  Professional Photographers in Edinburgh  -  1840 to 1940  -  Their names, dates of business and studio addresses.  The Photographic Society of Scotland  -  1856 to 1873  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, etc.  The History of Edinburgh Photographic Society  -  1861 to date  -  Lectures, Exhibitions, Outings, Poems, etc.  EPS Publications - EPS Handwritten Records  -  Photographic Journals  -  Trade Directories  -  Books  -  etc.  Thanks to all who have encouraged and supported me in creating the EdinPhoto web site  -  including descendants of photographers  -  researchers  -  providers of photographs and other material  Background notes on the research thal led up to the creation of this site  -   together with lists of new material added to the site since its launch.  Brief comments on how this site might be used  -  Just browsing?  -  Seeking specific information?  Please add your questions, suggestions or other comments to the Guest Book.  Links to other web sites  -  Photographic Societies  -  Photographic History  -  Family History  -  etc.  Click here to find the link to the Edinburgh Photogrpahic Society web site.

 

A selection of my photographs, many from Edinburgh throughout the year.   Also photos from Scotland, London, Iceland, Italy, Hong Kong and elsewhere    Many old maps of Edinburgh (Old Town, New Town, while City), Leith and Newhaven.  Includes several old transport maps and a comparison of old maps with recent aerial photos.   Old engravings, mailly of Edinburgh scenes.  Some from the 1820s, some from the 1890s,  some others - includes many hand-coloured examples from the 1820s.   News from Edinburgh today  -  Events, Collections, Buildings and Gardens, Transport   This site includes     1. Post card portraits taken in studios in Edinburgh:    2. Post card views either takeen/published by Ediburgh photographers or views of Edinburgh, or both.y Edinburgh    Views of Edinburgh, grouped into three sections:     1. Street views:    2. Buildings:    3. Around Edinburgh   Views of transport around Edinburgh  -  Horse drawn trams and buses, cable cars, electric trams, buses and a few railway photos.  Also several maps of Edinburgh's bus and tram routes.   Links to pages with Photos of Groups   Frequently Asked Questions

  Summary of the updates added to this site each month since the site was launched   Links to Dumbiedykes pages  Link to Granton pages  Link to Leith pages   Link to Newhaven pages   Links to Portobello pages   Link to My Recent Talks